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Propane vs Electric Smoker: An In-Depth Comparison for 2024

There’s nothing quite like smoked meats hot off the grill. But when you’re ready to buy your smoker, there are a lot of choices. Let’s compare a propane vs electric smoker.

Propane and electric smokers offer distinct advantages. Propane smokers provide high heat and portability, while electric smokers offer convenience and more precise temperature control. Choose propane for mobility and intense heat, or electric for ease of use and precise temperature regulation. 

As you embark on your journey to become a smoking connoisseur, this question will undoubtedly cross your mind.

Fear not, because we’re here to provide you with an in-depth comparison that will arm you with the knowledge to make an informed decision. Are you ready to discover which smoker will bring out the best flavors and suit your smoking needs?

Let’s dive in!

Short Summary

  • This article provides an in-depth comparison of propane and electric smokers, exploring their respective fuel sources, temperature range, ease of use, portability, and versatility.
  • Propane smokers offer a more intense smoky flavor with manual temperature control while electric smokers provide precise temperature control with a restricted range.
  • This article highlights the best models for each type of smoker to ensure an optimal outdoor cooking experience.

Top Budget Picks for Smokers by Category

Click any of those to see the current price on Amazon.

Understanding Propane and Electric Smokers

When it comes to outdoor cooking, a propane gas smoker and an electric model are two of the most popular options. Both types of smokers have their unique advantages and disadvantages, depending on factors such as fuel source, temperature range, ease of use, portability, and versatility.

Propane smokers are fueled by gas and typically have a larger cooking chamber, while electric smokers rely on an electric heating element for temperature control and tend to be more compact. To better understand the differences between these two smokers and determine which one is right for you, let’s explore their basics.

Propane Smoker Basics

Operating on propane or natural gas, propane smokers are known for their open flame and ability to smolder wood chunks or chips efficiently, creating that delicious smoky flavor. They feature a burner, wood chips tray, water pan, grilling racks, and exhaust dampers, providing a similar experience to a traditional charcoal smoker.

Gas grills boast a range of features and benefits, including ease of use, temperature control, and versatility. With a propane smoker, you can expect a steady temperature of 225°F for up to 52 hours on a 20lbs propane tank, making it a reliable choice for smoking enthusiasts.

Electric Smoker Basics

Electric smokers, on the other hand, utilize hot electric rods as their heat source, offering a more precise temperature control system adjustable via a dial system. A cooking chamber is the main part of this equipment. It is composed of multiple racks, electric heating elements, a water pan, a wood chips tray, and air vents or dampers.

While an electric unit can’t sear meat like propane smokers, they excel in cold-smoking items such as cheese, jerky, and nuts. These smokers are also known for their convenience and ease of cleaning, as the low cooking temperatures result in less mess.

Which Type of Smoker Produces Better Flavor: Propane or Electric?

One of the most critical aspects of smoking is the flavor, and this is where propane and electric smokers differ significantly. Propane smokers are renowned for their ability to produce a more intense smoky flavor with prominent smoke rings, while electric smokers yield a subtler smoky taste.

That being said if you use a Traeger grill with the super smoke option, you won’t have any issues with a smokey flavor.

The open flame of propane smokers allows wood chips to burn more effectively, resulting in a richer and more authentic smoky flavor.

Let’s delve deeper into the flavor profiles of each smoker type.

Propane Smoker Flavor

Propane smokers offer a variety of flavor options depending on the type of wood chips used in your smoker. For example, apple wood chips impart a subtle sweet flavor to your smoked food.

The open flame in propane smokers allows wood chips to burn more effectively, resulting in a richer smoky flavor and a much better smoke ring compared to electric smokers. If you’re looking for the most authentic and intense smoky taste, propane smokers are the way to go.

Electric Smoker Flavor

While electric smokers can’t quite match the intensity of propane smokers, they do produce a more delicate, fruity flavor. One downside of electric smokers is the absence of the pink smoke ring around the meat, as they lack the flame necessary for the required chemical reaction.

Although not as pronounced as propane smokers, electric smokers still provide a satisfactory smoky flavor for those who prefer a more subtle taste.

Temperature Control Accuracy on Propane and Electric Smokers

Temperature control is crucial for achieving perfectly smoked food.

Propane smokers offer a broader temperature range of 150-400°F, making them a great choice for smoking, roasting, and baking. Electric smokers have a restricted temperature range compared to other smoker types. The range is between 100-275°F. Despite this, electric smokers provide more precise temperature control, adjustable via a dial system.

Let’s look at the temperature ranges of both types of smokers in more detail.

Propane Smoker Temperature Range

With low temperatures down to 150°F, and high temperatures up to 400°F, propane smokers provide greater versatility in cooking options. They can be easily regulated using knobs that allow for convenient temperature control.

However, it’s essential to note that propane smokers do not feature automatic temperature regulation, so some practice and temperature monitoring may be required to refine your cooking process.

Electric Smoker Temperature Range

Electric smokers typically have a temperature range of 100-270°F, which is more limited compared to propane smokers which can hit those higher temperatures of up to 400°F.

However, they offer the advantage of precise temperature control thanks to an electronic control panel, with some models like the Masterbuilt Digital Electric Smoker allowing you to set your desired temperature while the controller maintains it.

This level of control makes electric smokers the clear winner for beginners and those who value convenience.

Which Type of Smoker Is More Portable: Propane or Electric?

Portability is another essential factor to consider when choosing between propane and electric smokers. If you plan on taking your smoker on camping trips or using it in various locations, propane smokers are the better option due to their versatility and independence from an electrical connection.

Electric smokers, being limited to smoking and cold smoking, require a power source to function, making them less suitable for camping and outdoor adventures. Let’s examine the portability of each smoker type more closely.

Propane Smoker Portability

Propane smokers are generally more portable, as they offer greater versatility in cooking options and do not require an electrical connection. Their portability varies based on their size and weight, with smaller and lighter models being easier to transport.

The propane tank used for fuel makes them suitable for various outdoor settings, including camping trips and backyard barbecues.

Electric Smoker Portability

While electric smokers can be compact and lightweight, their dependence on a power source limits their portability. Electric smokers are better suited for home use, where access to an electrical outlet is readily available.

Using an electric smoker for camping or in remote locations may pose challenges due to the need for a power source.

Cost Analysis Between Propane and Electric Smokers: Purchase and Operating Costs

When choosing between propane and electric smokers, it’s important to consider both the initial purchase and the ongoing operating costs. Electric smokers are typically cheaper to buy, but propane smokers have higher running costs due to the need to purchase and refill propane tanks.

To help you decide which smoker is the better investment for your needs, let’s compare the costs associated with each type.

Propane Smoker Costs

Propane smokers can range in price from around $100 to $500, depending on the size and features. They typically offer features such as adjustable temperature control, multiple cooking racks, and built-in thermometers for monitoring heat levels.

Bear in mind you’ll pay more for a higher BTU rating (British thermal unit is a measure of heat, which is measured in units of energy). If you are strictly smoking and not grilling, that may be a non-issue. But if you want a unit that does both, consider getting the largest BTU you can afford.

However, it’s essential to factor in the cost of purchasing and refilling propane tanks, which can add up over time. Propane tanks are often between $20-$25 with the trade-in of an empty one.

Electric Smoker Costs

Electric smokers are typically less expensive to purchase, making them an attractive option for those on a budget.

Electric smokers are available in a price range of approximately $150 to $600, depending on the size and features. They commonly come equipped with features like digital temperature control, adjustable racks, and built-in timers for convenient cooking.

Traeger is the best-known name in the electric smoker (pellet grill) category. But do bear in mind you are paying more for the brand name with them. But you will get an awesome grill/smoker!

The cost of running an electric smoker is also estimated to be quite low, at around $0.06 per hour.

However, it’s important to consider the potential costs associated with replacing heating elements or other electrical components over time. And more parts (auger, digital control panel, etc) potentially mean more upkeep costs down the road.

Weather Resistance and Durability for Propane and Electric Smokers


When it comes to weather resistance and durability, electric smokers are considered safer due to their built-in heating source and insulation. Propane smokers, on the other hand, are less safe, and require regular inspection to reduce the risk of fire hazards caused by gas leaks. But no matter what you choose, make sure to get a good-fitting cover for it.

In this section, we will compare the weather resistance and durability of propane and electric smokers.

Propane Smoker Weather Resistance

While the weather resistance of propane smokers varies, they can generally withstand routine exposure to the elements and maintain good condition. However, they lack adequate insulation, so inclement weather such as rain, wind, and cold can significantly impact cooking time.

Propane smokers are also at a greater risk of gas leaks, which can lead to fire hazards if not properly inspected and maintained.

Electric Smoker Weather Resistance

Electric smokers are designed to be resilient to light rain and unintentional spills, but it’s still recommended to use a waterproof cover and ensure the smoker is placed on a dry surface.

Using an electric smoker in wet or humid conditions can raise safety concerns due to the potential risk of electrical hazards. Overall, electric smokers are considered safer in terms of weather resistance and durability.

Cooking Capacity and Space Requirements on Propane and Electric Smokers

The cooking capacity and space requirements of propane and electric smokers can vary depending on the brand and model. Propane smokers typically have larger cooking chambers and multiple racks, providing ample space for all your smoking needs.

Electric smokers also feature multiple racks, but tend to have smaller cooking chambers. Let’s take a closer look at the cooking capacities of both types of smokers.

Propane Smoker Cooking Capacity

The cooking capacity of a propane smoker depends on the brand and size of the smoker. Cooking capacities can range from 500 to 792 square inches, offering plenty of space for smoking a variety of food items.

The cooking capacity is influenced by factors such as the size of the smoker, the number of racks, and the type of fuel used.

Electric Smoker Cooking Capacity

Electric smokers typically feature three to four racks, providing sufficient capacity to serve a family of four to six people. The exact capacity may vary depending on the model and brand, and factors such as the dimensions of the smoker, the quantity of racks, and the kind of food being cooked can influence the overall cooking capacity.

Best Propane and Electric Smoker Models and Recommendations

Now that we’ve explored the various aspects of propane and electric smokers, let’s discuss the best models and recommendations for each type. For propane smokers, the Camp Chef Smoke Vault Vertical Smoker, Masterbuilt Propane Smoker, and Cuisinart Vertical Propane Smoker are highly recommended.

As for electric smokers, the Masterbuilt Analog Electric Smoker on Amazon, Pit Boss Grills Electric Smoker, and Charbroil Electric Smoker are top contenders.

Let’s take a closer look at the features and benefits of these top-rated models.

Best Propane Smokers

The Cuisinart Vertical Propane Smoker on Amazon is user-friendly and highly versatile, providing results comparable to many gas and electric smokers. These top propane smoker models are sure to enhance your smoking experience and deliver mouth-watering results.

Best Electric Smokers

The Masterbuilt Electric Smoker on Amazon features a temperature range of up to 250°F, making it an excellent choice for those who value convenience and precise temperature control.

The Pit Boss Grills Electric Smoker on Amazon offers four porcelain-coated racks, an analog meat probe, and an external access front and tray for wood chips.

The Charbroil Electric Smoker on Amazon boasts a digital control panel, four chrome-coated smoking racks, and a built-in meat probe thermometer.

These top electric smoker models combine convenience, ease of use, and impressive smoking capabilities, ensuring you get the most out of your outdoor cooking experience.


In conclusion, both propane and electric smokers have their unique advantages and disadvantages, depending on your specific needs and preferences.

Propane smokers excel in producing intense smoky flavors, offer a greater temperature range, and are more portable, making them ideal for camping trips or backyard barbecues.

Electric smokers, on the other hand, provide more precise temperature control, are easier to clean, and are generally safer due to their built-in heating source and insulation.

Ultimately, the choice between propane and electric smokers comes down to personal preference and the features that matter most to you. With the insights provided in this article, you’ll be well-equipped to make an informed decision and embark on your journey to smoking mastery.

Happy smoking!

Frequently Asked Questions

Is electric or propane smokers better?

Taking into consideration convenience, time efficiency, and cost, electric smokers are typically the better choice as they require little preparation and less effort to use.

Propane smokers, on the other hand, can provide a smokier flavor and a more robust texture. And if you’re also grilling, you can’t beat an open flame.

Thus, depending on what kind of food you’re trying to smoke, one or the other may be better for your specific needs.

Are propane smokers worth it?

Overall, propane smokers are an excellent option for individuals who want the convenience of smoking on-the-go, along with a higher quality flavor than electric smokers. The reliability of these smokers is also an added bonus.

Therefore, propane smokers are certainly worth it!

What is better a propane smoker or a pellet smoker?

Considering convenience, temperature control, and fuel flavor, a pellet smoker is the better option between the two. Pellet smokers offer precise temperature control and the wood pellets burned impart flavor to the meat, making them an ideal choice for anyone who wants maximum control over their smoker.

The temperature control of a pellet smoker is much more precise than that of a charcoal smoker, allowing for more consistent results. The pellets also add flavor to the meat, making it more flavorful.

Is a propane or electric smoker better than charcoal?

If convenience and ease of use are important, an electric smoker may be the preferred option and since you still use wood chips in an electric smoker you still get great smoke flavor.

For those seeking portability and faster heat-up times, a propane gas grill can be a suitable choice. However, if you prioritize the traditional smoky flavor and enjoy the process of tending to the fire, charcoal smokers would be the ideal option. And charcoal smokers like the Realcook Vertical 17 Inch Steel Charcoal Smoker from Amazon, can be had at really affordable prices!

Ultimately, the best smoker for you, whether electric or wood, is the one that aligns with your cooking style, flavor preferences, and desired level of control.

Top Budget Picks for Smokers by Category

Click any of those to see the current price on Amazon.

Big Green Egg as seen through car window in the rain by Otto Phokus is licensed under CC2.0

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Jeff Campbell